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SOCIAL POLICY IN THE 1990s  LEGAL REGULATIONS AND PROSPECTED RESULTS
Tytuł:SOCIAL POLICY IN THE 1990s
LEGAL REGULATIONS AND PROSPECTED RESULTS
Autor:Stanisława Golinowska (red.), Zofia Jacukowicz, Barbara Sajkiewicz, Izabela Bolkowiak, Kazimierz W. Frieske, Lucyna Machol-Zajda, Dariusz Zalewski, Marek Bednarski, Dorota Głogosz, Bożena Kołaczek, Zofia Czepulis-Rutkowska, Grażyna Koptas, Małgorzata Dziubińska-Michalewicz, Bożenna Balcerzak-Paradowska, Alina Wiśniewska, Lucyna Deniszczuk
Sygnatura:59M/OP/0798
Kategoria: Polityka Społeczna, Problemy Rodziny, Zabezpieczenie Społeczne, Dialog Społeczny, Edukacja, Wynagrodzenia
Cena: 36,00 PLN z VAT
Nakład wyczerpany.
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wydawnictwa@ipiss.com.pl

Krótki opis treści:

We pass to Reader's hands third ILSS report already devoted to the analysis of regulatory process in the social policy and these economic areas, which determine directly social process (bring about social effects). Two previous reports (ILSS 1994 and ILSS 1995) were created under the influence of research carried out by ICDC UNICEF within the framework of MONEE project on the social costs of transition in Central and Eastern Europe. In 1996 ICDC UNICEF research again focused on issues related to children. Meanwhile, preparation of the reports on decisions in the social policy area in Poland has practically become the Institute's tradition. A lot of circles interested in these reports expected their continuation. To meet the expectations, we approached Andrzej Bączkowski, Minister of Labour and Social Policy to provide assistance in financing another report. Thanks to the Minister's application we received funds from Scientific Research Committee (KBN) to prepare this publication. Thus, we are privileged to present to you fundamental decisions made in the social area in 1994-1996, which economically speaking, was probably the best period in this decade. The report was prepared by a team of ILSS employees supported by authors from other circles closely co-operating with the Institute. We would like to take this opportunity and thank them for good co-operation. The period under study was dominated by debates on sluggish reforms of the primary social policy areas such as social insurance, health care, family policy, decentralisation and public use. In health care reform directions, despite being controversial somewhat, have already been defined. The largest conceptual shortages are still in the area of educational reforms, particularly with regard to the underestimated in Poland influence of these reforms on dynamics and quality of future national growth. Political aspects of the reform process in a country with young democracy come to the surface not only as drivers, but also as barriers. We wish that reflections upon overcoming these barriers were the outcome of the report we submit to you.

Stanisława Golinowska
EDITOR'S NOTE

Spis treści

CONTENTS

Terms and abbreviations
Editor's Note

Stanisława Golinowska
MAJOR DIRECTIONS OF THE SOCIAL POLICY IN 1990-1998
Introduction
1. Characteristics of Changes in the Social Policy in the Transition Period
2. Features of the Polish Social Policy at the Turn of the 20th Century
Literature

Stanisława Golinowska
PUBLIC SOCIAL EXPENDITURES
Introduction
1. Comments on Methodology
2. Social Public Expenditure Level in 1990-1996
3. Economic Approach to Public Social Expenditure
4. Structure of Public Social Expenditures from a Functional Perspective
4.1. Expenditures on disability and old-age pensions
4.2. Family benefits
4.3. Education expenditures
4.4. Health care expenditures
4.5. Social assistance expenditures
4.6. Labour Fund expenditures
Concluding Remarks
Literature

Zofia Jacukowicz, Barbara Sajkiewicz
NEW INSTRUMENTS OF WAGE POLICY
Introduction
1. Methods of Generating Funds for Wages in 1994-1996
1.1. Regulatory system in 1994
1.2. Bargaining wage system
2. Wages under New Labour Code
3. Rules of Determining Minimum Wage
4. Wage Growth in 1994-1996
5. Minimum Wage Level and Growth
6. Wage Relations
6.1. Wage relations in the public and private sectors
6.2. Wages by sex and by blue- and white-collar workers
6.3. Wage proportions in the sectors of economy
6.4. Wages in the budget sector
7. Changes of the Internal Wage Structure
7.1. Share of Wages in Labour costs
7.2. Basic pay and its share in the total wage
Recapitulation
Literature
List of major legał acts

Barbara Sajkiewicz
PRICING POLICY OF THE STATE
1. Generał Principles of Pricing Policy
2. Official Prices
3. Agreed Prices
4. Reduction in Subsidies to Enterprises
5. Protection of Agricultural Market
6. Additional Price Drivers
7. Antimonopoly State Measures
8. Increase in Prices in 1995-1996
9. Inflation in "Strategy for Poland"
Summary
Literature
List of legał acts

Izabela Bolkowiak
EVOLUTION OF TAX SYSTEM
Introduction
1. Direct Corporate Tax
2. Direct Personał Tax
3. Indirect Consumption Tax
Literature
List of legał acts

Kazimierz W. Frieske, Lucyna Machol-Zajda, Dariusz Zalewski
FORMATION OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
1. Point of Departure: Frameworks of Industrial Relations Prior to 1990
1. 1. Partners in Industrial relations
1.2. Scope of the industrial conflict
1.3. Turn of 1990: sources of Industrial conflict
1.4. Powers of "Solidarność": an umbrella extended by the trade union over the economic reforms
2. Focus on Stabilisation: Forms and Institutions of Social Dialogue
2.1. Legal framework of industrial relations
2.2. Interests representations: trade unions and employers' organisations
3. Dynamics of Industrial Conflict in 1994-1995
3.1. Major strike waves and their background
3.2. Labour claims and their political context
Literature
Annexe
List of legat acts

Marek Bednarski
SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF PRIVATISATION
I. Dynamics of Ownership Transformations in Poland from a Social Perspective
Introduction
1. Dynamics of Privatisation
2. Has the Privatisation Been Slowed Down?
II. Social Aspects of Mass Privatisation in Poland
Introduction
1. The Essence of the Polish Mass Privatisation Programme
2. Co-ownership of Employees of Underlying Companies in NFI
3. Co-ownership of Citizens in NFI System
4. Underlying Companies vs. NFI
Recapitulation
Literature
List of legat acts

Dorota Głogosz
THE MAIN DIRECTIONS OF INSTITUTIONAL CHANGES IN SOCIAL POLICY: LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND NGOs
Introduction
1. Local Government as a Constituent of Social Policy
1.1. Pre 1990 years
1.2: Local government in 1990-1995
1.2.1. Changes to the regulatory framework
1.2.2. The distinction between own and delegated tasks
1.2.3. Gmina revenues
1.2.4. Expenditure of the gminas
1.2.5. Current problems of the local government
2. NGOs as Players in Social Policy Efforts
2.1. Pre 1989 period
2.2. The period between 1989 and 1995
2.2.1. Legal regulations
2.2.2. Forms of organisations. The areas of activity
2.2.3. Finances of NGOs
2.2.4. Co-operation of NGOs with the state administration and local government
2.2.5. Current problems of NGO functioning
Literature L
ist of legał acts

Zofia Czepulis-Rutkowska
CHANGES IN PENSION SYSTEM
Introduction
1. Changes in Regulations
1.1. Take-over of benefit payments for police and military by the MON and the MSW
1.2. Family benefits
1.3. Pre-retirement benefits
1.4. Minimum benefit level
1.5. Indexation
1.6. Commissioned work contract
1.7. Contribution collection rate
1.8. Change of disability pension regulations
1.9. Pension privileges
2. Reform Drafts
3. Statistical Data
3.1. Revenues and expenditures
3.2. The Insured and beneficiaries
3.3. Benefit levels
3.4. Pension system in macroeconomic scale
Summing up
Literature
List of legal acts

Bożena Kołaczek
EDUCATIONAL POLICY OF THE STATE
Introduction
1. Basic Objectives ofthe Educational System
2. Organisational and Financial Changes in the Educational System
3. Tax Allowances for Families with Children Being Educated and for Adults Improving Their Qualifications
4. Expenditures of Households for Education
5. School Attendance of Children and Youth
6. Permanent Adult Education versus Labour Market
7. Development of Non-Public Academia and New Types of Studies
8. The State Assistance to Pupils and Students
9. Major Trends in the Polish Educational Policy - Conclusions from Social Debate
Concluding Remarks
Literature
List of legał acts

Małgorzata Dziubińska-Michalewicz
HEALTH CARE POLICY
1. Financing of Health Care
2. Material Base and Human Resources in Health Care
3. Description of Changes in the Health Care Sector in 1994-1996
4. Major Regulations in 1995
5. Major Legal Acts in 1996
6. Health Insurance Act
7. Drafted New Acts
8. Execution ofNational Health Programme (NHP)
Literature
List of legał acts

Grażyna Koptas
UNEMPLOYMENT POLICY IN 1995-1996
Introduction
1. Unemployment Level and Structure
1.1. Size and structure of unemployment prior to 1996
1.2. Changes in unemployment level and structure in 1995-1996
1.3. The jobless participating in the active forms for counteracting unemployment
1.4. Non-registered work
2. Legal Regulations in 1995-1996
2.1. Changes in defining regions particularly threatened with structural unemployment
2.2. Special schemes for unemployment reduction
2.3. Schemes for counteracting youth unemployment
2.4. Loans for the unemployed
2.5. The Seventh Amendment to the Act on Employment and Counteracting Unemployment
Final Comments
Literature
List of legal acts

Alina Wiśniewska
STATE SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
Introduction
1. The Structure of Social Assistance
2. Social Assistance Benefits
3. Changes within Social Assistance
3.1. The assumptions of the 1995 government scheme
3.2. Changes of the government draft introduced under the influence of MPs
3.3. The social disability pension
3.4. Nursing assistance
3.5. Social care homes
3.6. Social workers
4. The Amendment of the Act on Social Assistance of December 6, 1996
4.1. Regulations concerning charges for staying at the social care komes
4.2. Additional benefits
4.3. Other important amendments to the Act on Social Assistance
Concluding Remarks
List of legat acts

Bożenna Balcerzak-Paradowska
STATE POLICY TOWARDS THE FAMILY
Introduction
1. Activities Included in the Direct Family Policy
l. l . The provision of social benefits pertaining to birth and bringing up a child
1.2. Assistance provided by social assistance
1.3. The tax system
1.4. Social services relating to providing care for little children
2. Activities Concerning Family Disfunctioning
3. The Family in Other Policies of the State and Special Schemes
3.1. Prograinmes to reduce the offects of unemployment
3.2. The housing policy
3.3. Special programmes
4. The Family Policy. The Main Threads of Discussions and Proposed Changes
Concluding Remarks
Literature
A list of legal acts

Lucyna Deniszczuk
INCOME, SPENDING AND SAVINGS IN HOUSEHOLDS (level and differentiation)
Introduction
1. Some Explanatory Notes on the Methodology
2. Income and Consumption in the Sector of Households against a Background of Key Macroproportions
3. Disposable Income of Households - Growth Patterns and Structural Changes
3.1. Increase in income
3.2. Changes in the structure of income
4. Household Spending
5. Savings of Households
6. The Diversity of Income and Spending among Households
6.1. Diversity of income
6.2. Differentiation of expenditure
6.3. Poverty

Summary

Literature

Wydawnictwo, rok i miejsce wydania, seria wydawnicza

IPiSS, Warszawa 1998, seria "Occasional Papers"

ISBN

83-907327-5-0

Format, liczba stron, oprawa

B5, 368 stron, miękka oprawa

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